Value of Welding Electrode Oven
I first started welding school about a billion years
ago we had a electrode oven in the shop. Not knowing what
the heck it was, I went up to it and opened the door.
Seeing a bunch of electrodes of various sized diameters, I
grabbed a handful and pulled them out. Then I promptly
threw them all on the floor when I realized they were
burning the heck oughta' my hand!
how I learned what a electrode oven was and I got a lot of
laughs watching other new guys learn the same way I
did. Funny that although I used it for quite a while,
I had no idea why the electrodes were placed in the electrode oven.
I figured the electrode oven kept them at a certain degree
that was better for starting or something.
one day in metallurgy class the instructor informed
us electrode ovens were to keep moisture out of low hydrogen
electrodes like 7018. 7018 electrodes will leave porosity (worm
holes) in the completed weld bead if they have hydrogen
present. Just like the name states, low hydrogen, it
does not tolerate hydrogen and needs to be in a electrode
oven after the can is opened.
electrode oven keeps the electrodes dry, or dries the electrodes out.
Where there is moisture, there is hydrogen, so that
is why they need to be dry.
urban myth as popular as just about any of the crazy
urban myths out there is that an old refrigerator makes
a good electrode oven. They DON'T!
good electrode oven is built tough, sturdy, and seals tightly.
It has temperature settings that are precise and easy
to set. An old refrigerator may be built well and even
seal well, but most of them used in the field have a
light bulb of one form or another to produce heat. This
heat is uneven and is distributed unevenly so that some
electrodes are heating to one temperature while others aren't.
AWS and Electrode Manufacturers specifications call
for precise temperature settings, not approximate
a refrigerator and light bulb there is no way to regulate
the temperature and no way to make sure it is heating
evenly. electrode ovens are built to thermally reflect evenly
and uniformly throughout the oven making sure ALL electrodes
are heated to the same temperature.
built by Keen are developed by engineers, then built
to exacting standards and specifications by craftsmen
who take pride in their work and product. electrode ovens
are very reasonably priced but even more, are priceless
when it comes to the service they provide. If you are
ever unfortunate enough to have a weld rejected, you
are NOT going to sound good explaining about how your
electrode oven is a beat up old refrigerator with a dang ol'
light bulb in it!